The alimony laws governing spousal support in New Hampshire is different from what is obtainable in other states. Read further to grasp the peculiarity of the NH alimony law.
Also referred to as “spousal support” or “spousal maintenance” in Granite State, alimony is the series of payments made by one spouse (the payor spouse) to another (the supported or payee spouse) after the divorce.
Before the alimony payments commence, there has to be a written order or agreement which requires the payor to support the payee with a stipulated amount of money.
This agreement eliminates any disputes in the future about why the payment was made or when it’s not made.
All 50 states in America are alimony states, meaning states that have enacted laws permitting a spouse who cannot work full time or with a lower income to request payments from the other spouse to support themselves after a divorce.
Type of Alimony Laws Practiced in NH
New Hampshire’s new alimony rules took effect on January 1, 2019. Senate Bill 71 establishes a legislative method for determining alimony in the state of NH. The formula will be used by family court judges to calculate how much alimony the provider must pay to the alimony recipient.
The type of alimony payments could vary a lot before the new alimony law of NH went into force. Incomparable situations, various courts would reach different alimony agreements. The alimony amount is now fixed at up to 30% of the shortfall between the ex-spouses’ incomes.
That calculation can be influenced by a variety of other factors. Judges can now mandate alimony payments to last up to half the length of the marriage under the new rule. Alternatively, judges can order alimony payments to be made till the payor reaches the age of retirement. Judges still have the authority to change the terms of alimony agreements based on the facts of each situation.
Temporary Spousal Support in New Hampshire
Separate from temporary child support payments, temporary alimony is given to couples who require financial assistance throughout the divorce process to fund living expenses. (2018 N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. 458:16.)
Permanent Spousal Support in NH
Permanent alimony awards are rare in New Hampshire, and courts usually save them for long-term marriages in which one spouse is unable to support themselves owing to a long period of unemployment, senior age, or disability.
Rehabilitative Spousal Support in New Hampshire
The majority of post-divorce alimony awards are rehabilitative in nature, meaning they are only for a limited time. The law assumes that both spouses are able to become financially independent, but it also recognizes that some spouses may need to start school or obtain professional training in order to acquire a separate source of income once the marriage ends.
Reimbursement Spousal Support in NH
When one spouse bankrolled the other’s education or employment during the marriage, reimbursement alimony is reasonable. New Hampshire law allows judges to grant one or more payments to a spouse to recompense them for their contributions during the marriage.
Who Pays Alimony in New Hampshire?
In New Hampshire alimony law, the spouse that makes most of the money will share that income with the other spouse. The idea behind who pays for alimony is to considerably level up the living standard of the dependent spouse to what it was while the marriage was on.
Regarding the sex that pays, alimony in Granite State is gender-neutral, meaning either spouse can request support from the other. As long as the alimony can be provided to the requesting spouse, then it will most likely be granted.
So a husband can receive alimony from a wife in New Hampshire if the above conditions are met.
How Long Does Spousal Support Last in NH?
The duration to pay alimony in New Hampshire can differ depending on the individual judge and circumstances. However, you should expect to pay spousal support for a duration of 80-70% of the length of the marriage lasted. So assuming you were married for 10 years, the spousal support duration will most likely be between 6 to 7 years.
As provided by the alimony laws of NH, rehabilitative and permanent support stops if either spouse dies or the supported spouse remarries.
How to Collect Spousal Support Arrears in New Hampshire
When it comes to collecting spousal support in New Hampshire, you have a few choices if your ex-spouse has failed to make alimony payments as ordered by the court. Debts for spousal support are frequently given priority among debtors under US law.
Average Alimony Payment in New Hampshire
The average amount payable as spousal support in New Hampshire after divorce is determined by various factors. But the major factor you have to understand is “the standard of living of the marriage.”
To determine the final amounts for rehabilitative and permanent support in NH, the courts in NH take into consideration the income of the spouses, plus other factors like:
- earning capacity of each spouse.
- the ability of the paying spouse to pay, considering assets, the standard of living, earning capacity, as well as earned and unearned income.
- the extent of contribution the supported spouse gave to the other’s educational pursuit or professional license during the marriage
- how long the marriage lasted
- the needs of each spouse
- the assets and debts of each spouse including separate property
- each party’s tax consequences
- the ability of the supported spouse to gain employment without interfering with their children’s care
- each spouse’s health and age
- each party’s balance of hardships
- whether there is a documented history of domestic violence against the children or either party
- will the dependent spouse be self-supporting within a reasonable period
- any criminal conviction of an abusive spouse
- any other factors which the court wishes to consider
This is the main measure the court uses to determine the amount to be paid in Granite State. The principle behind the standard of living of the marriage is that after the marriage breakup, both spouses should continue living within the same standard they lived while the marriage lasted.
How Alimony is Calculated in NH
The amount to be paid as spousal support in New Hampshire is calculated after considering the above-stated factors. Whichever option is adopted it is reflected in the Alimony Calculator
Importance of Using a Skilled New Hampshire Spousal Support Attorney
If you’re getting a divorce in New Hampshire and need to negotiate or re-negotiate spousal support, you’ve definitely got a lot of questions and want to seek competent legal guidance. Though state Supreme Courts have supported lifetime spousal support,
your circumstances may or may not fulfill the requirements. NH courts may judge your case differently based on the merits of you and your previous spouse. There are so many variables to consider.
If you want to get spousal support for the rest of your life or if you want to fight against it in New Hampshire, an expert divorce lawyer can help. Depending on the objective and the desire of the adversary attorney to bargain in good faith, you’ll need attorneys that are both empathetic and strong.
For the convenience of our members, we have an up-to-date directory of NH divorce and spousal support attorneys who can help with a variety of issues. For legal advice and representation on spousal support that is powerful and well-informed.
FAQ About New Hampshire Alimony Laws
Here are Frequently Asked Questions about spousal support laws in NH:
Can a Husband get Alimony in NH?
Who Qualifies for Alimony in New Hampshire?
Just as either spouse can pay or receive, the party that qualifies to receive spousal support is the dependent party while the marriage lasted. This means that in NH, the spouse that had lesser or no income when the marriage was on is also the one qualified to receive alimony. Click here for details
How Long do you have to be Married to get Alimony in NH?
To understand how long alimony lasts in New Hampshire, you have to take into consideration how long the marriage lasted.
However, bear in mind that there is no limit to the duration you can pay or receive alimony for marriages that lasted 10-20 years or more. Any marriage that lasted below 20 years will not pay nor receive alimony that exceeds 50% of the duration of the marriage.
Is Alimony Tax Deductible in New Hampshire?
Following the passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, which altered the link between alimony and taxes dramatically in New Hampshire and all over the US, alimony payments are no longer tax deductible for the payer and are no longer recognized as
income for the recipient spouse as of January 1, 2019.
Is Alimony Mandatory in Granite State?
Alimony is mandatory in New Hampshire as long as one of the spouses earns or owns assets that can be relied upon to support the other spouse after the marriage breaks down.
Can Alimony be increased in New Hampshire?
Alimony amount or duration can be increased or decreased due to changes in the financial circumstances of the parties in different ways, including:
- an increase or decrease in the income of the alimony recipient
- if it’s determined that the original alimony awarded is inadequate
- loss to the alimony recipient’s financial assets
- an increase in the justified expenses of the alimony recipient
- when the financial condition of the receiving spouse fails to improve as originally expected
Can you go to Jail for Not Paying Spousal Support in NH?
Technically, you will not be jailed for not paying alimony in New Hampshire. While there are varying consequences for not paying alimony, you can still end up in jail as a result. Here is how.
If it’s a New Hampshire court-ordered spousal support that you refuse to pay, it means you are in violation of a court order meaning you can be prosecuted for being in contempt of court if contempt proceedings are brought up against you. This could attract a jail term in NH}.
How to Modify Spousal Support in NH?
When necessary, New Hampshire law allows for a spousal support modification. When it comes to alimony, courts in NH usually try to do their best to create judgments that are fair and effective in the long run. Nevertheless, conditions change over time, and these changes may compel a revision or modification of the initial order.
When filing for a spousal support modification in New Hampshire, keep in mind that the courts will only entertain the motion if there has been a significant and long-term change in circumstances. A brief problem is unlikely to be significant enough to warrant a revision in the initial alimony ruling. Likewise, dissatisfaction with the support order is not a valid reason for a revision in NH.
The following are some of the most common reasons for requesting an alimony modification in New Hampshire?????:
- Changes in income or employment
- Birth of a new child
- Health changes, including disability
- A new dependent
How to Avoid or End Spousal Support in NH?
In Granite State, the spouse paying the alimony can successfully avoid or stop the alimony payment if he/she is able to prove any or all of the following points:
- that the dependent spouse is guilty of infidelity
- the spouse proves that he has no source of income
- the spouse remarries and has to take care of the new spouse however, he/she will continue paying the child support for children if any
- if the spouse is disabled and unable to earn a living
Alimony Laws in all 50 States
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C California | Colorado | Connecticut
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I Idaho | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa
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M Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana
N Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | North Carolina | North Dakota
O Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon
P-S Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | South Carolina | South Dakota
T-U Tennessee | Texas | Utah
V-W Vermont | Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming