The alimony laws governing spousal support in Arkansas is different from what is obtainable in other states. Read further to grasp the peculiarity of the AR alimony law.
Also referred to as “spousal support” or “spousal maintenance” in Natural State, alimony is the series of payments made by one spouse (the payor spouse) to another (the supported or payee spouse) after the divorce.
Before the alimony payments commence, there has to be a written order or agreement which requires the payor to support the payee with a stipulated amount of money.
This agreement eliminates any disputes in the future about why the payment was made or when it’s not made.
All 50 states in America are alimony states, meaning states that have enacted laws permitting a spouse who cannot work full time or with a lower income to request payments from the other spouse to support themselves after a divorce.
Type of Alimony Laws Practiced in AR
The form of alimony and duration vary depending on the circumstances, but Arkansas judges commonly give interim, rehabilitative, or permanent support.
Temporary Spousal Support in Arkansas
Divorce is a lengthy process, and courts understand that transitioning from a two-income household to a single-income household can be challenging, especially if one parent was the primary earner.
Judges can grant the lower-earning spouse a temporary alimony award that will give financial support from the time of the divorce filing to the final order. Temporary support orders expire whenever the judge issues a new post-divorce order or the divorce is finalized.
Rehabilitative Spousal Support in AR
Rehabilitative support, which is temporary, is the most common type of alimony in Arkansas. The objective of rehabilitative support is to help a spouse find work or enhance their job prospects by providing training or education. Often, a lower-earning spouse can’t spend the time necessary to learn the right skills if there’s no financial aid.
When one spouse quit their job to start raising the couple’s children, provide shelter for the other spouse, or help advance the other spouse’s profession during the marriage, rehabilitative support is appropriate. When a judge orders rehabilitative support, the judge will either set an automatic termination date or a reevaluation date.
Permanent Spousal Support in Arkansas
Permanent alimony was originally widespread, but it is now uncommon, particularly in short-term marriages. Permanent alimony is usually reserved for spouses who are unable to find work due to illness or old age. A couple can also agree that one spouse will get alimony for a long period of time or for the rest of their lives.
Who Pays Alimony in Arkansas?
In Arkansas alimony law, the spouse that makes most of the money will share that income with the other spouse. The idea behind who pays for alimony is to considerably level up the living standard of the dependent spouse to what it was while the marriage was on.
Regarding the sex that pays, alimony in Natural State is gender-neutral, meaning either spouse can request support from the other. As long as the alimony can be provided to the requesting spouse, then it will most likely be granted.
So a husband can receive alimony from a wife in Arkansas if the above conditions are met.
How Long Does Spousal Support Last in AR?
The duration to pay alimony in Arkansas can differ depending on the individual judge and circumstances. However, you should expect to pay spousal support for a duration of 80-70% of the length of the marriage lasted. So assuming you were married for 10 years, the spousal support duration will most likely be between 6 to 7 years.
As provided by the alimony laws of AR, rehabilitative and permanent support stops if either spouse dies or the supported spouse remarries.
How to Collect Spousal Support Arrears in Arkansas
When it comes to collecting spousal support in Arkansas, you have a few choices if your ex-spouse has failed to make alimony payments as ordered by the court. Debts for spousal support are frequently given priority among debtors under US law.
Average Alimony Payment in Arkansas
The average amount payable as spousal support in Arkansas after divorce is determined by various factors. But the major factor you have to understand is “the standard of living of the marriage.”
To determine the final amounts for rehabilitative and permanent support in AR, the courts in AR take into consideration the income of the spouses, plus other factors like:
- earning capacity of each spouse.
- the ability of the paying spouse to pay, considering assets, the standard of living, earning capacity, as well as earned and unearned income.
- the extent of contribution the supported spouse gave to the other’s educational pursuit or professional license during the marriage
- how long the marriage lasted
- the needs of each spouse
- the assets and debts of each spouse including separate property
- each party’s tax consequences
- the ability of the supported spouse to gain employment without interfering with their children’s care
- each spouse’s health and age
- each party’s balance of hardships
- whether there is a documented history of domestic violence against the children or either party
- will the dependent spouse be self-supporting within a reasonable period
- any criminal conviction of an abusive spouse
- any other factors which the court wishes to consider
This is the main measure the court uses to determine the amount to be paid in The Natural State. The principle behind the standard of living of the marriage is that after the marriage breakup, both spouses should continue living within the same standard they lived while the marriage lasted.
How Alimony is Calculated in AR
The paying spouse or the court may require the requesting spouse to submit a rehabilitation plan for the court to consider in deciding whether the plan is implementable, as well as the amount and duration of the award. 9-12-312(b) of the Arkansas Code.)
The amount to be paid as spousal support in Arkansas is calculated after considering some factors, some also related to child support. Whichever option is adopted it is reflected in the Alimony Calculator
Unlike other states, Arkansas has no set of rules for judges to follow. But to be explicit about how to calculate spousal support in AR, you may need to consult your spousal support attorney.
>>> Arkansas Spousal Support Calculator
Importance of Using a Skilled Arkansas Spousal Support Attorney
If you’re getting a divorce in Arkansas and need to negotiate or re-negotiate spousal support, you’ve definitely got a lot of questions and want to seek competent legal guidance. Though state Supreme Courts have supported lifetime spousal support,
your circumstances may or may not fulfill the requirements. AR courts may judge your case differently based on the merits of you and your previous spouse. There are so many variables to consider.
If you want to get spousal support for the rest of your life or if you want to fight against it in ????????, an expert divorce lawyer can help. Depending on the objective and the desire of the adversary attorney to bargain in good faith, you’ll need
attorneys that are both empathetic and strong.
For the convenience of our members, we have an up-to-date directory of ????? divorce and spousal support attorneys who can help with a variety of issues. For legal advice and representation on spousal support that is powerful and well-informed.
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FAQ About Arkansas Alimony Laws
Here are Frequently Asked Questions about spousal support laws in AR:
Can a Husband get Alimony in AR?
Yes. In Arkansas, alimony payment is gender-neutral, meaning the sex that pays or receives is not the main determinant, but other factors as stated above. For details click here.
Who Qualifies for Alimony in Arkansas?
Just as either spouse can pay or receive, the party that qualifies to receive spousal support is the dependent party while the marriage lasted. This means that in AR, the spouse that had lesser or no income when the marriage was on is also the one qualified to receive alimony. Click here for details
How Long do you have to be Married to get Alimony in AR?
To understand how long alimony lasts in Arkansas, you have to take into consideration how long the marriage lasted.
However, bear in mind that there is no limit to the duration you can pay or receive alimony for marriages that lasted 10-20 years or more. Any marriage that lasted below 20 years will not pay nor receive alimony that exceeds 50% of the duration of the marriage.
Is Alimony Tax Deductible in Arkansas?
Following the passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, which altered the link between alimony and taxes dramatically in Arkansas and all over the US, alimony payments are no longer tax deductible for the payer and are no longer recognized as income for the recipient spouse as of January 1, 2019.
Is Alimony Mandatory in Natural State?
Alimony is mandatory in Arkansas as long as one of the spouses earns or owns assets that can be relied upon to support the other spouse after the marriage breaks down.
Can Alimony be increased in Arkansas?
Alimony amount or duration can be increased or decreased due to changes in the financial circumstances of the parties in different ways, including:
- an increase or decrease in the income of the alimony recipient
- if it’s determined that the original alimony awarded is inadequate
- loss to the alimony recipient’s financial assets
- an increase in the justified expenses of the alimony recipient
- when the financial condition of the receiving spouse fails to improve as originally expected
Can you go to Jail for Not Paying Spousal Support in AR?
Technically, you will not be jailed for not paying alimony in Arkansas. While there are varying consequences for not paying alimony, you can still end up in jail as a result. Here is how.
If it’s an Arkansas court-ordered spousal support that you refuse to pay, it means you are in violation of a court order meaning you can be prosecuted for being in contempt of court if contempt proceedings are brought up against you. This could attract a jail term in AR}.
How to Modify Spousal Support in Arkansas?
When necessary, Arkansas law allows for a spousal support modification. When it comes to alimony, courts in AR usually try to do their best to create judgments that are fair and effective in the long run. Nevertheless, conditions change over time, and these changes may compel a revision or modification of the initial order.
When filing for a spousal support modification in Arkansas, keep in mind that the courts will only entertain the motion if there has been a significant and long-term change in circumstances. A brief problem is unlikely to be significant enough to warrant a revision in the initial alimony ruling. Likewise, dissatisfaction with the support order is not a valid reason for a revision in AR.
The following are some of the most common reasons for requesting an alimony modification in Arkansas:
- Changes in income or employment
- Birth of a new child
- Health changes, including disability
- A new dependent
How to Avoid or End Spousal Support in AR?
In Natural State, the spouse paying the alimony can successfully avoid or stop the alimony payment if he/she is able to prove any or all of the following points:
- that the dependent spouse is guilty of infidelity
- the spouse proves that he has no source of income
- the spouse remarries and has to take care of the new spouse however, he/she will continue paying the child support for children if any
- if the spouse is disabled and unable to earn a living
- Arkansas Child Adoption Guidelines
- Arkansas Childcare Guidelines
- Arkansas Child Custody and Visitation Guidelines
- Arkansas Child Support Guidelines
- Arkansas Divorce Guidelines
- Arkansas Marital Property Guidelines
- Arkansas Spousal Support Guidelines
- How to Check Arkansas Child Support Payment History
Alimony Laws in all 50 States
A Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas
C California | Colorado | Connecticut
D-H Delaware | Florida | Georgia | Hawaii
I Idaho | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa
K-L Kansas | Kentucky | Louisiana
M Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana
N Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | North Carolina | North Dakota
O Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon
P-S Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | South Carolina | South Dakota
T-U Tennessee | Texas | Utah
V-W Vermont | Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming